Your knee is made up of bone, cartilage, meniscus, multiple ligaments, tendons, bursa and muscles. These structures can be affected by an injury, a degenerative process or other rare diseases. Problems with the knee can manifest in numerous ways and may include pain, swelling, instability or locking.
Dr Hirner offers comprehensive management of all knee conditions. If surgery is required he may use a number of techniques which include keyhole (arthroscopy), computer assisted and conventional surgery.
The adjacent diagram displays the anatomical structures of the knee. The bones, femur, tibia and patella are lined by articular cartilage which allows the boney surfaces to glide smoothly. Between the bones is the meniscus which helps with knee stability and also produces a shock absorbing affect. The multiple ligaments ACL (anterior cruciate ligament), PCL (posterior cruciate ligament) MCL (medial collateral ligament) and LCL (lateral collateral ligament) generally offer a stabilizing effect. The muscles surrounding the knee (quadriceps, hamstrings and others) are powerful mobilizers of the joint.
Dr. Hirner treats all knee problems and this is a list of some of the most common conditions (Click on the link for more information)
- Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears
- Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tears
- Medial collateral ligament or lateral collateral ligament (MCL or LCL) tears
- Patellofemoral instability (knee cap dislocation)
- Meniscus tears - video
- Articular cartilage injury
- Osteochondral injury
- Osteochondritis dissecans
- Osteonecrosis (SONK)
- Patella arthritis
- Pre patella bursitis
- Quads and patella tendon rupture
- Patellofemoral pain syndrome